Opium poppy is the primary ingredient in opiates which are made from the poppy seed itself. Other similar drugs are synthetically made and are typically called opioids. The most common opiates or opioids include heroin, morphine, oxycodone, hydrocodone. The following provides a list of such opioids, including several additional ones, and a brief overview of some of their characteristics.
OxyContin: one of the most commonly used opiates and is known as a prescription painkiller. People have been known to abuse and develop addictions to OxyContin. This is not a time released drug. This means it is slowly released into a person’s system when they take the pill and prolongs the effects of the drug.
Oxycodone: affects the user’s central nervous system and changes how pain and emotion is experienced making both feel far less intense and easier to cope with. Oxycodone is understood to have a very similar structure to codeine which makes it also have almost exactly identical potency as morphine.
Codeine: derived from the opium produced from the poppy plant, is an alkaloid drug. As such, Codeine is also a painkiller. However, it has sedative properties incorporated in prescription drugs, like those available over the counter for sore throats and fevers and some prescription drugs like vicodin.
Morphine: also an alkaloid drug like codeine and is made directly from opium. It is often used in the hospital setting where it is delivered into the body via IV for the purpose of alleviating pain.. Morphine another popular use: it is used to produce heroin. Heroin use is prohibited by the federal government in the US and has very dark history of abuse and destruction.
Percocet: oxycodone is, yet again, present in percocet as a primary component in its production. It is technically a mixture of oxycodone and Acetaminophen. Percocet can be very addictive if abused which sometimes happens as it popularly used a source of pain relief.
Heroin: highly addictive and highly dangerous, heroin is extraordinarily harmful due its highly addictive nature making it very detrimental to the health of the user. Heroin is created by using morphine which is a substance naturally found in nature. This may explain why it is widely abused and such an extremely strong opiate.
Hydrocodone: drugs made from morphine remain in a stronger profile than Hydrocodone, but this is still an addictive substance which should by no means be abused. Just like any opiate, it is capable of leading to dependency. It is also commonly used is other painkillers such as Ibuprofen or Acetaminophen.
Percodan: This opiate combines oxycodone with Ibuprofen and is generally prescribed to people to help in managing mid level pain. The potential to lead to dependency when misused is just as real as with the above opiates.
Methadone: this opioid has one main purpose which is to aid recovering addicts through their detox process by easing the transition from the symptoms of withdrawal to sobriety. It is a time released drug which makes its effects set in at a slower pace. This quality can be dangerous for people prone to abusing substances because overdose can easily occur. It is important to use methadone exactly as instructed and under the supervision of a doctor.
If your struggling with a dependency on Opiates and need help getting clean, call us at Treatment Now for a free consultation to learn about your options.
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