Coming in the form of prescription medications or illicit substances, stimulants help boost alertness and cognitive function of a person’s central nervous system. They can be addictive and very dangerous when used outside of directed. However, the good news is that many of these addictions can be treated.
The most common prescription stimulants include adderall, concerta, ritalin, dexedrine, steroids, and antidepressants. Out of prescription stimulants, the most popular are amphetamines and methylphenidates. They work by affecting the body’s central nervous system, and increase neurotransmitter activity inside the brain.
Other popular stimulants include cocaine, crack cocaine, and crystal meth. These drugs produce effects that are almost exactly the same to those of prescription stimulants. With prescriptions, stimulants are made to act as time-release drugs to treat conditions such as narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactive disorder, or ADHD. The biggest difference with prescription and illicit stimulants is that the illicit ones produce a much more intense, shorter high than prescriptions.
When one decides to quit taking stimulants, it Is strongly advised to do so under the supervision of a professional. Stimulant withdrawal can produce feelings of anxiety, agitation, and depression, among many others. Withdrawal symptoms can be both psychological and physical in nature. Withdrawal is characterized by the user experiencing a general dysphoric mood, and the presence of at least two of the following:
- jittery reactions
- loss of interest
- slowed speech
- slowed heart rate
- increased appetite
- impaired memory
- white loss
- body aches
- drug cravings
- unpleasant dreams
It is important to note that stimulant withdrawal-related depression can be very severe, especially for those with a history of clinical depression. In addition, anyone who may have a co-occurring mental disorders and/or addiction to other substances may experience more symptoms, as well as a longer withdrawal process.
Withdrawal symptoms will vary from person to person, based on their metabolism, tolerance, and history of use. Sometimes the psychological withdrawal from stimulants is so severe they can lead former users to relapse, and some may even become suicidal or violent in their behavior.
Symptoms of stimulant withdrawal can show up anywhere from a few hours to a few days after the last dose of the drug. The more intense symptoms take place about a week into the detox.
If you or someone you know is thinking of detoxing from a stimulant, please seek professional help. For further assistance, contact Treatment Now. We are available to help with any questions or apprehensions you may have about drug rehabilitation and addiction treatment.
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